Wednesday 10 November 2021

Bank of Canada governor says inflation 'transitory but not short-lived'

CTV News in Canada shows that Bank of Canada governor Tiff Macklem says inflation may be around longer than anticipated.

The Anti-Inflation Act was a Canadian Act of Parliament that was passed in 1975 by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's government to slow down the rapidly increasing price and wage inflation. Among its many controls, it limited pay increases for federal public employees and those in companies with more than 500 employees to 10 per cent in the first year, 8 per cent the next, and 6 per cent thereafter. The price and wage controls were enforced until 1978, and the act was repealed in 1979. A similar program aimed only at the public sector was introduced in 1982.

Prior to 1975, the Bank of Canada had warned the government about the dangers of the current inflation which was roughly 10 per cent a year. In response, the government brought in the Anti-Inflation Act which created the Anti-Inflation Board to set wages and prices.

Trudeau had mocked the idea in the 1974 election. The act proved highly contentious and there was much debate over whether the Parliament of Canada had overstepped its powers in enacting the law. Consequently, the government put a reference question to the Supreme Court of Canada, and in 1976, the court passed down its opinion in Reference Re Anti-Inflation Act, which declared the law constitutional.

1 comment:

  1. You thought about when did Canada have highest inflation. Inflation Rate in Canada averaged 3.10 percent from 1915 until 2021, reaching an all time high of 21.60 percent in June of 1920 and a record low of -17.80 percent in June of 1921.

    Deflation is when the general price levels in a country are falling - as opposed to inflation when prices rise. Deflation can be caused by an increase in productivity, a decrease in overall demand, or a decrease in the volume of credit in the economy.

    Deflation is the opposite of inflation, which is when general price levels in a country are rising. In the short-term, deflation impacts consumers positively because it increases their purchasing power, allowing them to save more money as their income increases relative to their expenses.