Thursday 12 December 2019

Japanese Grammar - 日本語の文法

Japanese Grammar - 日本語の文法

one 一

two 二

three 三

four 四

five 五

six 六

seven セブン

eight 八

nine 九

ten 十

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  1. Thank you for interesting Japanese Grammar notes.


  2. Thanks for liking the Japanese Grammar post. Here are some more words:

    Emotions in Japanese 日本語の感情

    Here are emotions in the Japanese language.

    Happy- Ureshii: うれしい; 嬉しい
    Elated- Kozen: こうぜん
    Angry- Ikaru: おこる or いかる; 怒る
    Worried- Nayamu: なやむ; 悩む
    Scared- Ojiru: おじる;怖じる
    Terrified- Kyouzen: きょうぜん;境然
    Relieved- Sutto: すうっと;
    Bored- Tsumaranasou: つまらなそう; 詰まらなそう
    Silly- Tawainai: たわいない; 他愛ない
    Shocked- Akireru: あきれる; 呆れる
    Annoyed- Urusagaru: うるさがる; 煩がる
    Rushed- Soso: そうそう; 匆々
    Excited- Gekko: げっこう; 激昂
    Sad- Kanashi: かなしい; 悲しい
    Lonely- Sabishi: さびしい; 寂しい
    Lazy- Tsutsushimanai: つつしまない
    Shy- Hazukashi: はずかしい; 恥ずかしい
    Bashful- Shuchi: しゅうち; 羞恥
    Eager- Setsutunaru: せつなる; 切なる
    Calm- Nagoyaku: なごやく; あラカジめ
    Relaxed- Arakajime: あらかじめ
    Anxious- Anjiru: あんじる; 案じる
    Condescending- Onkisegamashi: おんきせがましい; 恩着せがましい
    Cautious- Sononai: そつのない; 卒のない
    Confused- Magomago: まごまご

    Japanese Verbs to Express Emotion:


    笑わらう laugh
    褒ほめる encourage
    喜よろこぶ celebrate, to be jubilant, to have joy
    好このむー to like/prefer


    慰なぐさめる consoling someone
    悲かなしむ feeling sad
    泣なく cry


    怒おこる feeling angry
    叱しかる scold

    Bore, Shock, Gratitude:

    あきる、飽あきる feeling disinterested, bored, tired or weary
    驚おどろく to be astonished, to be surprised
    感謝かんしゃするー feeling grateful
    びっくりするー to feel surprised, amazed or frightened

    Adjectives for Expressing Emotions in Japanese:

    嬉うれしい happy
    悲かなしい sad
    恥はずかしい ー shy
    寂さびしい、淋しい lonely
    怖こわい、恐い scary
    辛つらい painful, heart-breaking
    苦くるしい difficult, agonizing, feeling forced
    懐なつかしい to endear, desire or miss something

    Basic Japanese Questions and Answers 日本語の基本的な質問と回答

    Basic 基本
    Questions 質問
    Answers 回答

    Here are the most common Japanese questions and answers.

    There are no question marks in standard writing. Thus, "か" or "Ka" ending imply that the sentence is a question.

    In speech, the "Ka" can be dropped to turn the question into a very casual one.

    1. Asking "What’s your name?" in Japanese

    Namae wa nan desu ka?

    Super Polite:
    (name) と申します。
    (name) to moushimasu.
    I am (name).

    2. Where are you from?

    Shusshin wa doko desu ka?

    3. Where do you live?

    Doko ni sunde imasu ka?

    4. What’s your job (occupation)?

    Shigoto wa nan desu ka?

    5. Can you speak Japanese?

    Nihongo wo hanasemasu ka?

    6. How long have you been studying Japanese for?

    Dono kurai nihongo wo benkyou shite imasu ka?

    7. Where have you learned Japanese?

    Doko de nihongo wo manabimashita ka?

    8. Can you eat Japanese food?

    Nihon shoku ga taberaremasu ka?

    9. Do you like Japanese food?

    Nihon shoku ga suki desuka?

    10. Asking "How is it?" in Japanese

    Dou desu ka?

  3. Thanks for liking the post. There is more:

    Numbers in Japanese 日本語の数字

    Number 数
    Numeral 数字
    Writing 書き込み
    Same 同じ
    Follow フォローする
    Group グループ
    Important 重要
    Horizontal 水平
    Vertical 垂直

    The Japanese numerals are the number names used in Japanese. In writing, they are the same as the Chinese numerals, and the grouping of large numbers follows the Chinese tradition of grouping by 10,000. Two pronunciations are used: the Sino-Japanese (on'yomi) readings of the Chinese characters and the Japanese yamato kotoba (native words, kun'yomi readings).

    There are 2 important ways of writing the numbers in Japanese: in Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3) or in Chinese numerals (一, 二, 三). The Arabic numerals are certainly more often used in horizontal writing, and the Chinese numerals are more common in vertical writing.

    Number Character

    0 零 / 〇
    1 一
    2 二
    3 三
    4 四
    5 五
    6 六
    7 七
    8 八
    9 九
    10 十
    20 二十
    30 三十
    40 四十
    50 五十
    60 六十
    70 七十
    80 八十
    90 九十
    100 百
    500 五百
    800 八百
    1,000 千
    10,000 万
    100,000,000 億
    1,000,000,000,000 兆
    10,000,000,000,000,000 京

    Japanese Verbs and Tenses 日本語の動詞と時制

    Verb 動詞
    Tense 時制
    Conjugation 活用
    Regular レギュラー
    Irregular 不規則
    Dictionary 辞書
    Original 元の

    Japanese verb conjugations are interesting. See the list of Japanese verb conjugations. Almost all of these are regular, but there are a few Japanese irregular verbs, and the conjugations of the few irregular verbs are also listed. Japanese verb conjugation is the same for all subjects, first person ("I", "we"), second person ("you") and third person ("he/she/it" and "they"), singular and plural. The present plain form (the dictionary form) of all verbs ends in u. In modern Japanese, there are no verbs that end in fu, pu, or yu, no verbs ending in zu other than certain する forms (such as 禁ず kin-zu), and 死ぬ (しぬ, shinu; to die) is the only one ending in nu in the dictionary form.

    When a verb is conjugated it adopts a so called "form". Forms change depending on the tense, mode, and suffix of the verb's stem. The stem of the verb is the prefix that is unchanging in the conjugation.

    For example in the following infinitive (aka dictionary) forms of these verbs the stem is in bold:

    iku (行く): To go
    taberu (食べる) To eat
    Verb conjugates are often grouped into two categories, according to whether the last letter of the stem is a vowel or consonant (when romanized)

    Type I: consonant-stems (五段動詞, godandōshi), and
    Type II: vowel-stems (一段動詞, ichidandōshi, いる iru,える eru forms).
    For conjugating type I verbs the suffix of the infinitive form is replaced by a different sound according to the original suffix, then a suffix which is consistent by tense is added.

    The infinitive form of a type I verb has an う u sound (u, tsu, ru, ku, gu, nu, bu, mu, su)
    The polite ~ます -masu form has an い i sound (i, chi, ri, ki, gi, ni, bi, mi, shi)
    The negative form has an あ a sound (wa, ta, ra, ka, ga, na, ba, ma, sa)
    The potential form has an え e sound (e, te, re, ke, ge, ne, be, me, se)
    The volitional form has an おう ō sound (ō, tō, rō, kō, gō, nō, bō, mō, sō).