Sunday 12 March 2023

NASA Plans To Build The First Moon Base

Take a look at how NASA Plans To Build The First Moon Base. The Youtube video is interesting.

A moonbase is a facility on the surface of the Moon, enabling human activity on the Moon. Moonbases can be for robotic or human use, in both cases not necessarily including lunar habitation facilities. A base might be a step towards so-called colonization of planets.

Missions to the Moon have so far realized only temporary single-mission bases, (Tranquility Base being the first), as well as some really small permanent installations. Plans for establishing facilities on the Moon that could enable sustained human activity at the Moon have been proposed and are actively pursued nationally and increasingly internationally by various space agencies.

United States concepts:

USA has NASA lunar outpost concepts. The USA has run several attempts to design and in some cases develop lunar outposts and the needed missions, the first being from 1959, with the upcoming Artemis missions being the most advanced.

The current Artemis Program is interessting. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration of United States (NASA) requested an increase in the 2020 budget of $1.6 billion in order to make another crewed mission around the Moon in 2024, followed by a sustained presence on the Moon by 2028. NASA is ready to announce plans to bring together Commercial Human Lander Awards for Artemis Missions on the Moon. This specific program, "The Artemis Program," encompasses NASA's overview for lunar exploration plans. This announcement will go over the first in a series of many more to come complex missions. Artemis I started the program as an uncrewed flight test to demonstrate the capabilities of NASA's Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and Orion spacecraft on November 16, 2022. The first flight with a crew will be Artemis II, closely followed by Artemis III that will land crew on the moon in 2025 using a new commercially procured Human Landing System (HLS), chosen to be Starship HLS. They hope to develop a sustainable intereting lunar exploration program starting from 2028.

Chinese concepts:

The so-called International Lunar Research Station is an interesting idea. In 2020, China proposed the International Lunar Research Station (ILRS), a somewhat similar proposal to the Moon Village, with Roscosmos and ESA showing interest. The first steps toward establishing the ILRS will be taken through Phase IV of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program, consisting of Chang'e 6, 7, and 8, as well as the Russian missions, Luna 25, 26, and 27. Long-term robotic and short-term crew missions at the ILRS are expected to begin in the early 2030s. Roscosmos signed a memorandum of understanding on cooperation in the creation of the ILRS with CNSA on March 9, 2021. There is really a projected timeline stretching from the 2030s to 2045.

Russian concepts:

The Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) has planned a fully robotic exciting lunar base called Lunny Poligon. The project was planned for 2020, with an expected completion date of 2037. On March 9, 2021, Russia turned to cooperate with China and signed a memorandum of understanding for the joint construction of the International Lunar Research Station (ILRS).

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